References

 

SOURCES

Still Life, Adventures in Taxidermy. Milgrom, Melissa. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2010.

Stieglitz, A Memoir/Biography. Lowe, Sue Davidson. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Publications. 1983.

Man Ray. Penrose, Roland. Thames and Hudson, Ltd., London. 1975.

Surrealist Art. Ades, Dawn. The Art Institute of Chicago. Thames and Hudson, Ltd. London. 1997.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Found_objects

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L.H.O.O.Q.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Un_Chien_Andalou

https://www.fieldmuseum.org/

Metropolitan Museum of Art, Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taxidermy

https://www.moma.org/learn/moma_learning/max-ernst-levade-the-fugitive

http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/kuns/hd_kuns.htm

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cabinet_of_curiosities

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C3%A9ret_Oppenheim

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/291_(art_gallery)

http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/phsr/hd_phsr.htm

 

IMAGE CREDITS

1. Cadavre Exquis with Yves Tanguy, Joan Miró, Max Morise, Man Ray. 1927.
https://www.moma.org/learn/moma_learning/max-ernst-levade-the-fugitive

2. Man Ray, Surrealist chessboard, 1934 © SABAM Belgium. 2009.
http://www.musee-magritte-museum.be/Typo3/index.php?id=62 or http://a-bittersweet-life.tumblr.com/post/22212196669/surrealist-chessboard-by-man-ray-1934-a-mosaic

3. Surrealists.
http://www.theartstory.org/movement-surrealism.htm

4. Man Ray, André Breton, Yves Tanguy, Max Morise. Exquisite Corpse, 1928.
http://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/artwork/119118

5a., 5b. Collection of M. Field. 2015.

6. Oxycodone.
https://www.google.com/search?q=oxycodone&newwindow=1&espv=2&biw=1120&bih=534&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiixdn6j-fKAhXBJCYKHY64AMEQ_AUIBigB#imgrc=tR_tbB_-y_2NcM%3A

7. Man Ray.
https://www.google.com/search?q=man+ray&newwindow=1&espv=2&biw=1120&bih=534&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj_547Uk-fKAhVD8CYKHYeBBZQQ_AUIBigB#imgrc=JRx9hS0qClJ-4M%3A or http://www.manray.net/

8. Marcel Duchamp.
du champ—www.the guardian.com — https://www.google.com/search?q=marcel+duchamp&newwindow=1&espv=2&biw=1120&bih=578&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiNk7KW3-bKAhUIKCYKHWkoAVUQ_AUIBigB#imgrc=hvqsWHNLpx3_9M%3A

9. Sigmund Freud.
https://www.google.com/search?q=sigmund+freud&newwindow=1&espv=2&biw=1120&bih=534&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiNxMi2refKAhUFLSYKHU3aBNAQ_AUIBigB#newwindow=1&tbm=isch&q=sigmund+freud+sometimes+a+cigar+is+just+a+cigar&imgrc=ovGAqRcA98rDkM%3A or http://www.notable-quotes.com/f/freud_sigmund.html

10. Le Violon D’Ingres. Man Ray. 1924.
http://jewishcurrents.org/august-27-man-ray-20393 or http://www.getty.edu/art/collection/objects/54733/man-ray-le-violon-d’ingres-ingres’s-violin-american-1924/

11. Alfred Stieglitz. Self portrait (photograph). 1890.
https://www.google.com/search?q=alfred+stieglitz&newwindow=1&espv=2&biw=1120&bih=534&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjGo_3IlufKAhXF6iYKHeozAxkQ_AUIBigB#newwindow=1&tbm=isch&q=alfred+stieglitz+self+portrait&imgrc=b4iZMbMjh2DD-M%3A

12. The Steerage. Alfed Stieglitz. 1907. Aboard The SS Kaiser Wilhelm II.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Steerage

12a. L.H.O.O.Q. Marcel DuChamp. 1919. In French, the title pronounced out loud sounds like “Elle a chaud au cul.” “She has a hot ass” or “She is hot in the ass” meaning she… well… you get the meaning.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L.H.O.O.Q

13. Artists in Exile. 1942. Peggy Guggenheim’s apartment, New York. Front row: Stanley William Hayter, Leonara Carrington, Frederick Kiesler, Kurt Seligmann. Second Row: Max Ernst, Amedee Ozenfant, Andre Breton, Fernand Leger, Berenice Abbott. Third Row: Jimmy Ernst, Peggy Guggenheim, John Ferren, Marcel Duchamp, Piet Mondrian.
Mondrianhttp://voiceseducation.org/content/artists-exile

14. Fountain. Marcel Duchamp. Photographed by Alfred Stieglitz. 1917. 291 (Art Gallery), Society of Independent Artists Exhibit. The entry tag is clearly visible.
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Found_objects

15. The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living. Damien Hirst. 1991.
https://www.google.com/search?q=damien+hirst+shark&newwindow=1&espv=2&biw=1120&bih=534&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiJ96GGn-fKAhVIOSYKHY22DFcQ_AUIBigB#imgrc=pilQwwrwDr7zpM%3A

16. Two Fucking, Two Watching. Damien Hirst. 1995. Rotting cow and bull. They are, well, doing it, by means of an hydraulic device. Banned by New York public health officials for fear of the stench causing “vomiting among visitors.”
https://www.google.com/search?q=damien+hirst+two+fucking&newwindow=1&espv=2&biw=1120&bih=534&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi3pOT_o-fKAhWGKiYKHXZpDyY4ChD8BQgGKAE#imgrc=FpMB1WjBvdnDXM%3A

17. Emily Mayer.
http://www-sibarber-co-uk.photoshelter.com/gallery/Emily-Mayer-Artist-Taxidermist/G0000l6.4UaYdjXQ/

18. Final Voyage, Precious Cargo. Emily Mayer.
http://philadelphiasculpturegym.com/category/emily-mayer/

19. Erotique Voilée (Veiled Erotic). Man Ray. 1933.
https://suite.io/alan-foljambe/3gtf2av

20. Object (Le Déjeuner en Fourrure). Meret Oppenheim. 1936. Museum of Modern Art.
http://www.wikiart.org/en/search/meret%20oppenheim/1#supersized-search-333900

21. Le Festin or Cannibal Feast. Meret Oppenheim. 1959. Photo: William Klein for Vogue Magazine, 1959. Oppenheim uses a female nude as the base for an erotic and carnal feast for E.R.O.S. (Exposition inteRnatiOnal du Surrealisme), 1959-1960. People cited, Andre Breton, Elléouët Aube, Radovan Ivsic, Jean Schuster, Robert Benayoun, Jean-Louis Bedouin, Joyce Mansour, Mimi Parent, André Pieyre Mandiargues.
https://atimeline.omeka.net/items/show/15

22. Portrait of Ubu. Dora Maar. 1936.
http://www.ngv.vic.gov.au/picasso/education/ed_PYV_SM.html

22a. Un Chien Andalou. Luis Buñel. 1929. Movie poster.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Un_Chien_Andalou#/media/File:Unchienandalouposter.jpg

23. Un Chien Andalou. Woman’s eye.
https://users.dma.ucla.edu/~thisisthat/Johanna/eyeslit.html

24. Un Chien Andalou. Luis Buñel and Salvador Dali. The eye of a dead calf with bleached hide to look like human skin.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Un_Chien_Andalou

25. Tacky curio cabinet. Unknown.

26. Beer Bottle Collection.
Spydersden.wordpress.com

27. Musei Wormiani Historia. The frontispiece from the Museum Wormianum depicting Ole Worm’s Cabinet of Curiosities.
https://www.google.com/search?q=cabinet+of+curiosities&newwindow=1&espv=2&biw=1120&bih=578&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjzgvrG9-bKAhUF5iYKHVQKDIcQ_AUIBigB#imgdii=atYsB3VSLqccJM%3A%3BatYsB3VSLqccJM%3A%3Bl236OkoCrpqIzM%3A&imgrc=atYsB3VSLqccJM%3A

28. The Field Museum of Natural History. Chicago, Illinois.
https://www.google.com/search?q=field+museum&newwindow=1&espv=2&biw=1120&bih=534&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjRzKbhiOfKAhWE4SYKHSrzCOwQ_AUIBygC#imgrc=cD7c3UWMngp2ZM%3A

29. The Field Museum of Natural History. World’s Fair. Chicago, Illinois.
http://worldsfair.fieldmuseum.org/behind-the-scenes/the-wonders-inside/exotic-animals

30. Signification (Hope, Immortality and Death in Paris, Now and Then). Damien Hirst. 2014. Damien Hirst and Science Ltd.
http://uk.blouinartinfo.com/news/story/1054893/damien-hirst-wunderkammer-to-be-auctioned-for-charity

31. The Allegory of 99 Wolves. Cai Guo-Qiang.
https://www.artsy.net/artwork/cai-guo-qiang-head-on